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Encouraging healthier living through aquatic education and research.

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Comment by Howard J Knight on May 15, 2013 at 9:56am

Good Question...  Found this article pages 81-83 or [67-69] depending on the numbering system.

Page 69 second paragraph speaks towards the chlorine level, and the normal pH levels. 

Page 69, fourth paragraph, reads the range of 2-5ppm for chlorine in whirlpools and spas.  In Ontario, Canada, we have a minimum of 5 to 10 ppm of chlorine in our spas.

Comment by Roy Vore on May 15, 2013 at 9:48am

Myco abscessus is one of the little studied Non-tuberculosis Mycobacteria (NTM) that are known to form biofilms in warm water distribution systems.  The CT value may not be an appropriate measurement of how hardy this bug is as the true control is the elimination or reduction of the biofilm.  CT values are generated using organisms in pure cultures and without clumps of protective biomass (glycocalyx, exopolysaccharides, slime, biofilm).  IF, and that is a pretty big if, this is a health threat in aquatic facilities, then it will be a threat in those facilities with warm water that broadcast droplets into the breathing zone of patrons.  Best control measure is likely to be continuous flow with well disinfected water and routine inspection for unusual amounts of biofilm.  There is some indication that the NTM group has very high CT values due to their waxy cell structure and heavy biofilm layers.  This group of bugs was the focus of several articles ~10 years ago as the source of "hot tub lung"  These are very, very rare cases.

Comment by Scott Heusser on May 15, 2013 at 8:13am

Anyone know the CT value for Mycobacterium abscessus?  Brand new RWI I am learning about.

Comment by Laurie Batter on March 11, 2010 at 10:39am
American Physical Therapy Association
Aquatic Section Summit
Partners with 2010 World Aquatic Health™ Conference

Colorado Springs, CO/March 8, 2010

The Aquatic Physical Therapy Section of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) will hold its Summit in conjunction with the 2010 World Aquatic Health™ Conference (WAHC™) scheduled October 6-8, at the Antlers Hilton Hotel located in downtown Colorado Springs, Colorado. The WAHC is sponsored by the National Swimming Pool Foundation® (NSPF®).

The collaboration brings together two leading organizations who spotlight the unique properties of the aquatic environment to enhance health.

“We are excited to be collaborating with the NSPF on the World Aquatic Health Conference to help us elevate the practice and acceptance of aquatic physical therapy and to learn from leading researchers,” says Sharon H. Kneebone, IOM, CAE, Acting Executive Officer Aquatic Physical Therapy Section, APTA. “The WAHC has great appeal because it also presents leading experts on many illness and injury prevention topics that our members are interested in learning more about,” adds Bess Maxwell, Ph.D., PT the President of the APTA Aquatic Section.

This year’s WAHC Health Benefit education track will offer nine seminars that share the latest research findings from leading physicians and scientists over two days. They will reveal new science that demonstrates why immersion and activity in the aquatic environment benefits mankind. Pools and spas are ideal environments to reverse negative health trends and to help the vastly increasing aging and sedentary population. There are currently more than 3.8 million people in the United States older than 85. That figure is expected to grow to 9 million by year 2030 and 19 million by the year 2050.

“Aquatic environments will play a growing role in preserving and improving health,” observes Thomas M. Lachocki, Ph.D., CEO of NSPF. “Partnering with a leading organization like the Aquatic Physical Therapy Section is the next step up the ladder to lead society back to the water by building a critical mass of researchers, leaders, professionals, and science.”

More about the conference
Conference sessions will include seminars that focus on aquatic health benefits, recreational water illness prevention, risk management, reducing drowning and injury, future facility designs and regulations, new industrial technologies, and more. As conference details are available, they will be found at or by contacting NSPF by phone at 719-540-9119. Early bird discounts for in-person attendance and/or the virtual web option are now offered. Sponsorship opportunities are now posted. An NSPF instructor course and several leadership meetings will be held just prior to the WAHC.
Attendees can fly directly into the Colorado Springs airport, just 11 miles from the hotel. NSPF has negotiated a discounted group rate of only $139 per night plus taxes. Parking is free for those staying at the hotel in the WAHC room block. Conference attendees can bring family or friends and stay for the weekend in beautiful Colorado. The Antlers Hilton has extended the special rates through the weekend. Details on how to reserve a room will be found at
Colorado Springs offers world class scenic splendor. Local attractions include Pikes Peak Cog Railway, Garden of the Gods, Florissant Fossil Bed National Monument, the U.S. Air Force Academy, the Olympic Training Center, Manitou Springs, Cave of the Winds, and others. Day trips to the Great Sand Dunes National Park or the Rocky Mountain National Park are possible.
About the Aquatic Physical Therapy Section, APTA
The Aquatic Physical Therapy Section, representing more than 1,000 members, is a component of the American Physical Therapy Association, which represents more than 74,000 members. The section’s mission is to develop, promote, and advocate for evidence based aquatic physical therapy as an effective intervention to enhance movement. Visit

About the World Aquatic Health™ Conference
This is the only event that brings together researchers, government officials, the aquatics sector, and influencers to impact more lives in a positive way through aquatics. The sixth annual 2009 World Aquatic Health™ Conference (WAHC™) held in Atlanta, Georgia, drew 292 registrations from 40 states and 5 countries, participating in 43 seminars. Of the registrants who attended, 45% were high-level decision makers including CEO, president, vice president, owner, and director. NSPF reports the seminars are now available to view on-demand at

About NSPF®
The National Swimming Pool Foundation® (NSPF®) is a non-profit organization founded in 1965, giving back $4 million of all revenue in the past five years to fund grants to prevent illness, injury, and drowning, and to demonstrate the benefits of aquatic activity. NSPF’s commitment to spurring health benefit research includes a $1 million grant to help fund the National Aquatic and Sports Medicine Institute at Washington State University. The Foundation works towards its mission to encourage healthier living through aquatic education and research with its collection of educational products and training.
Visit and for more information.
Comment by Laurie Batter on February 9, 2010 at 11:12am
Thousands of Residential Swimming Pools, Spas and Hot Tubs
Could Be Ordered Shut Down In California

Unless the pool, spa and hot tub industry enacts legislation in 2010 to rectify the problem, tens of thousands of swimming pools, spas and hot tubs could be ordered shut down in California as part of a state and local drought response, cautions John Norwood, President of SPEC. There is no distinction in the regulation between an in-ground spa or portable hot tub, thus both are included, Norwood advises.

For more info, read at
Comment by Laurie Batter on December 1, 2009 at 3:44pm
Genesis 3 Chooses National Swimming Pool Foundation’s Certified Pool/Spa Operator® (CPO®) Certification
CPO® Certification will be one of three educational requirements for newly launched Genesis 3 Education to Service Professional Certification

The National Swimming Pool Foundation® (NSPF®) is pleased to announce the Genesis 3 Design Group (Genesis 3) has chosen the NSPF Certified Pool/Spa Operator (CPO®) certification as one of three educational requirements for the newly launched Genesis 3 “Education to Service Professional” certification program.

“The NSPF CPO® certification program exemplifies the training that we would expect from a Genesis 3 professional,” said Skip Phillips, cofounder of Genesis 3. “NSPF is recognized around the globe as having the world’s leading, verifiable pool and spa training credential.” Phillips added, “As Genesis 3 continues to expand beyond U.S. borders, the NSPF multi-lingual, metric offerings and online training opens the door of education to broader regional professionals to raise their abilities.”

Developed to help pool professionals broaden their horizons, the Genesis 3 Education to Service Professional certification will uniquely position professionals to move into the remodel, construction, and service markets. The certification requires a passing grade on the Genesis Construction School, attendance in David Tisherman’s Understanding the Elements of Renovation of Pools & Spas, and a valid CPO® certification. CPO® Certification is valid for five years. Slated for March of 2010 in Dallas, “The first program will raise the standard of professionalism for the entire industry,” concluded Phillips.

“We are proud to associate with organizations like Genesis 3 who reflect excellence and new thinking and emphasize education as the key to a brighter future,” emphasized Thomas M. Lachocki, Ph.D. CEO of NSPF. “Certification helps build broad foundation for awareness about how to operate efficient and safer pools, spas, or public aquatic facilities, thus protecting the public, employees, and the facility and reducing liability risk,” Dr. Lachocki explained. Since 1972, NSPF has certified over 250,000 operators from 44 countries, more than any other training program. About 20,000 service professionals are certified annually and thousands more rely on a spectrum of online courses and print materials offered by the NSPF.

Professionals who have not previously taken and passed the CPO® certification course, or need to renew their certificate, will be able to do so through a Genesis 3 NSPF-Certified Instructor, or they can enroll in a local course by visiting and clicking on ‘Find a Class’. The blended CPO® certification course (Pool Operator Primer™ online plus Pool Operator Fusion™ class) is also available for those professionals who would prefer to take a portion online and then attend a one day course. NSPF Instructors can provide more details and information on how to register.

NSPF is approved as an Authorized Provider by the International Association for Continuing Education and Training (IACET). The CPO® certification training in English or Spanish earns 1.8 CEUs, whether the certification is completed as a two-day class or a blended course.

About Genesis 3
Since 1998, Genesis 3 Design Group has worked to advance the art of watershaping by offering a range of educational, cultural and social opportunities to those who design, engineer and build recreational and decorative bodies of water. More than just an educational program, our schools, courses, seminar and events embody a value system based on excellence, creativity and professionalism. To learn more about Genesis 3, visit

About NSPF®
The National Swimming Pool Foundation® (NSPF®) is a non-profit organization founded in 1965, giving back over $3.6 million in the past five years to fund grants to prevent illness, injury, and drowning, and to demonstrate the benefits of aquatic activity. The Foundation works towards its mission to encourage healthier living through aquatic education and research with its collection of educational products and training. Findings are presented at the World Aquatic Health™ Conference and incorporated into NSPF educational programs. Visit, and for more information.
Comment by Laurie Batter on July 28, 2009 at 10:08am
Help us publish and share this information as widely as possible to help build awareness of steps home owners can take to reduce accidents, illness and injury at home swimming pools and hot tubs this season. ( If you would like a hard copy of this press release email me.) Industry members can resell this program - contact Michelle Kavanaugh at NSPF. or call 719-540-9119

Seven Tips for Safer Home Swimming Pools and Hot Tubs

COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo., July 28 /PRNewswire/ -- Now that summer is in full swing, stories about home pool or hot tub tragedies are making headlines across the county.

With millions enjoying their summers by swimming in backyard pools and relaxing in hot tubs, the need for home pool and hot tub safety is urgent.

The American Red Cross and National Swimming Pool Foundation((R)) want all home pool and hot tub owners to make safety their priority by following these safety guidelines:

1. Secure your pool with appropriate barriers. Completely surround your pool with a 4-feet high fence or barrier with a self-closing, self-latching gate. Install alarms on any doors leading to the pool that sound when opened unexpectedly. Place a safety cover on the pool or hot tub when not in use and remove any ladders or steps used for access. Consider installing a pool alarm that goes off if anyone enters the pool.
2. Keep children under active supervision at all times. Stay in arm's reach of young children. Designate a responsible person to watch the water when people are in the pool - never allow anyone to swim alone. Have young or inexperienced swimmers wear a U.S. Coast Guard-approved life jacket.
3. Ensure everyone in the home knows how to swim well by enrolling them in age-appropriate water orientation and learn-to-swim courses.
4. Keep your pool or hot tub water clean and clear. Use proper chemical levels, circulation and filtration. Regularly test and adjust the chemical levels to minimize the risk of earaches, rashes or more serious diseases.
5. Establish and enforce rules and safe behaviors, such as "no diving," "stay away from drain covers," "swim with a buddy" and "walk please."
6. Ensure everyone in the home knows how to respond to aquatic emergencies by having appropriate safety equipment and taking water safety, first aid and CPR courses from the Red Cross.
7. Enroll in the two-hour Home Pool Essentials online course ( ) for only $19.95. This class describes steps you can take to help prevent tragedy and how to care for your pool and hot tub. It includes a 30-page resource guide and six months access to the site.

Learn about Red Cross and NSPF at and

Available Topic Expert(s): For information on the listed expert(s), click
Comment by Laurie Batter on June 15, 2009 at 9:40am
News from NSPF -
American Red Cross and National Swimming Pool Foundation launch new online course for home pool and hot tub owners - read about it here and opportunities for you to promote.

Media Contact
Laurie Batter
BatterUp! Productions

American Red Cross and National Swimming Pool Foundation®
Promote Water Safety and Good Home Pool Maintenance with New Online Course

Colorado Springs, CO. and Washington, D.C./ June 15, 2009

The American Red Cross and National Swimming Pool Foundation® announced today the premiere of the online Home Pool Essentials™: Maintenance and Safety course. Home Pool Essentials teaches pool care and water safety techniques to help home pool and hot tub owners stay safer and enjoy a well maintained environment this summer. For an enrollment fee of $19.95, the course allows consumers to learn at their leisure at

Many pool builders and hot tub retailers wish to instruct homeowners on proper maintenance and prevention. Owners who are better equipped to prevent accidents reduce risk for friends and family and liability for builders, dealers, and service professionals. “The course also helps owners to identify problems and work more effectively with retail and service professionals,” says Alex Antoniou, Ph.D., Director of Educational Programs at the National Swimming Pool Foundation (NSPF®). “The better our industry prevents accidents and makes maintenance easier, the more prosperous our future,” Antoniou concludes. Industry professionals are encouraged to refer new customers to or to contact NSPF for information on reselling the online course.

The course
Through interactive learning, videos, exercises and short quizzes, and a downloadable 30-page resource guide, this two-hour, online course teaches important lessons, such as how to take steps to:
• Maintain a pool or hot tub
• Lessen the risks of illness, injury, and drowning to friends and family
• Use safety equipment
• Prevent incidences with layers of protection
• Prevent pool and hot tub entrapment hazards
• Prepare for and respond to aquatic emergencies

“Pool and hot tub owners are often frustrated when their water is not clear or if they have algae or can’t seem to get the chemical levels right. Home Pool Essentials is a great resource to help prevent these problems and more,” explains Thomas M. Lachocki, CEO with NSPF. Home Pool Essentials also shows participants how to reduce ownership risks by maintaining cleaner, safer pools and hot tubs. Though pools and spas bring a lot of joy, there are certain risks and responsibilities with having water, chemicals and equipment near the home.

P.K. Data reports there are nearly 9 million backyard pools and 6 million hot tubs in the United States. “According to a recent Red Cross survey, 66% of parents with children plan to engage in water-related activities where no lifeguards will be on duty, including home pools,” said Scott Conner, Senior Vice President of Preparedness and Health and Safety Services for the American Red Cross. “Home Pool Essentials will help home pool owners provide a safer environment for their family and friends.” According to a recent American Red Cross survey of more than 1,000 adults, 10% of Americans have had an experience where they nearly drowned in a private pool.
Proceeds from enrollment fees will help support the activities of the Red Cross and NSPF.

Details: Telephone survey of 1,002 U.S. Adults 18 years and older on March 20-23, 2009 conducted by ORC International.

About NSPF
The National Swimming Pool Foundation® (NSPF®) is a non-profit organization founded in 1965, giving back $3.5 million in the past five years to fund grants to prevent illness, injury, and drowning, and to demonstrate the benefits of aquatic activity. The Foundation works towards its mission to encourage healthier living through aquatic education and research with its collection of educational products and training. NSPF is the largest and most widely accepted educator of people who care for pools and spas and has trained over 240,000 pool operators around the world. For more information, please visit,, and

About Red Cross
The American Red Cross shelters, feeds and counsels victims of disasters; provides nearly half of the nation's blood supply; teaches lifesaving skills; and supports military members and their families. The Red Cross is a charitable organization — not a government agency — and depends on volunteers and the generosity of the American public to perform its humanitarian mission. For more information, please visit or join our blog at
Comment by Laurie Batter on April 28, 2009 at 4:01pm
Recently we send a news release out to mainstream media announcing research results about Men and Swimming - a study that was funded in part by the National Swimming Pool Foundation. If you missed reading that news release, download a copy from NSPF website, go to press releases.

The news has caught the attention of many in the media, and most recently, Men's Journal (circulation 700,000) wrote up a small feature in their Ask Dr. Bob column -- a Q&A format.

The study was highlighted with the headline: The Best Workout. Question: I've always wondered is there one form of exercise that's best for overall health? Answer ... You can read the one page at to see what Dr. Bob has to say about swimming and the study.
By the way:
Did you see the see new stats on sports participation from National Sporting Good Association? There is big and great news about growth in swimming participation. Water exercise and recreation are key strategic advantages for the growth of our industry. It's wonderful news to see this data. Water exercise/recreation helps to build and preserve healthier lives, and helps to save lives all which can impact the economic and social health of our country, and our industry. (see stats below)

It is important as members of our industry that we 1) understand and 2) share (communicate) how swimming helps people's health. Inviting people to view Dr. Blair's seminar or to view other WAHC health benefit seminars is a good place to learn the science behind how our industry benefits mankind. Just a reminder, Dr. Blair's keynote speech about Swimming and health is available free of charge at

Swimming for the Health of It, Laurie
Comment by Laurie Batter on December 12, 2008 at 3:50pm
Please find a copy of a press release which has been sent to media around the country regarding compliance with the Virginia Graeme Baker Act. We recommend that you review this document at your earliest convenience.

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